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Church of the Unity, Springfield, Massachusetts

Note: the text in the square brackets ([...]) are a short form of references which have been used to deduce the corresponding information.
The meaning of the site and item attributes is explained in the glossary.

Site Id: 21.36.1
Rating: Nothing
Address: 207 State Street
Location: Springfield, Massachusetts 01103, USA
Lat/Lng: 42.1031, -72.58413
Tiffany 1910: Page 71
Duncan 1980: Page 214
Tiffany 1897: Page 43
Tiffany 1893: Listed
Tiffany 1886: Not listed
Tiffany/Duncan comment: Tiffany 1910 also lists a Memorial Font [TIFF1910, DUNC1980]
Completeness: High
Building status: Demolished
Building date: 1866-1869 [HHR1982]
Architect: Henry Hobson Richardson [HHR1982]
Comment: Building demolished in 1961 [HHR1982]
The Tiffany windows were sold [SU1961, DUNC1980]
Also of interest: 1902 Foot Memorial Window, Whence Cometh My Help, by Church Glass and Decorating Company (photo of window in Duncan 1980, p. 87, fig. 70) [SDR1902A, SDR1902B, DUNC1980]
Rumrill Memorial Window, Rebekah at the Well, by John La Farge [KIRK1929]

Site Items

21.36.1.1: Rumrill Memorial Window: The Good Shepherd (1888) (Removed) item has a photo
21.36.1.2: Chapin Memorial Window: Honor Thy Father and Mother (1889) (Removed) item has a photo
21.36.1.3: Smith Memorial Window: Faith, Hope and Charity (1889) (Removed) item has a photo
21.36.1.4: Bliss Memorial Window: Holy Family (1889) (Removed) item has a photo
21.36.1.5: Edwards Memorial Window: Floral Design (1890) (Removed) item has a photo
21.36.1.6: Harris Memorial Window: Lo! I stand at the door and knock (Removed) item has a photo
21.36.1.7: Chapin Memorial Window: The Holy Night (1893) (Removed) item has a photo
21.36.1.8: Bowles Memorial Window: Angel of Light (1894) (Removed) item has a photo
21.36.1.9: Thompson Memorial Window: Angel of the Resurrection (1890) (Removed) item has a photo
21.36.1.10: Wolcott Memorial Window: Come Unto Me (1906) (Removed) item has a photo
21.36.1.11: Rumrill Memorial Window: Christ at the House of Mary and Martha (Unknown)
21.36.1.12: Frink Memorial Window: Faith and Sacrifice (1927) (Removed) item has a photo
21.36.1.13: Gilbert Memorial Window: He is Risen (1914) (Removed) item has a photo

Item 21.36.1.1

You can click on photo to get the full sized image.
Rumrill Memorial Window:  The Good Shepherd
Glossary (of terms) and References (as found in square brackets [...])

Status: Removed [SU1961, DUNC1980]
Confidence: High
Memorial name: Rumrill Memorial Window
Theme: The Good Shepherd [TIFF1897, TIFF1910, DUNC1980]
Tiffany 1910: Page 71
Duncan 1980: Page 214
Tiffany 1897: Page 43
Signature:
Other documentation: [SDR1888, SDR1889A, CHU1888, NYT1888, POP1889]
Record type: Window
Designer:
Memorial details: Grace Rumrill Miller (20 Jul 1849 - 19 Aug 1887) and Charles Philip Miller (1 Oct 1845 - 19 Aug 1887) [SDR1888, NYDG1888, UNIT1888, KIRK1929]
Donor: brother / brother-in-law, James A. Rumrill [SDR1888, NYDG1888, CHU1888, UNIT1888, KIRK1929]
Date: Exhibited 6 Jun 1888 [NYT1888]
Unveiled 10 Jun 1888 [SDR1888]
Size: 8' high x 5' wide [SDR1888]
Inscription: HE SHALL FEED HIS FLOCK LIKE A SHEPHERD HE SHALL GATHER THE / LAMBS WITH HIS ARM AND CARRY THEM IN HIS BOSOM // Erected by James A. Rumrill / in memory of his sister / GRACE RUMRILL MILLER, born July 20, 1849, died August 19, 1887 / and her husband / CHARLES PHILIP MILLER, born Oct. 1 1845, died August 19, 1887 [SDR1888, KIRK1929]
Category: Christ the Good Shepherd
After design: Painting by Frederic Shields [PHOTO]
Tiffany/Duncan comment: Tiffany 1897 (p. 78) quotes an extract from a letter by Mr. Rumrill saying that the congregation were delighted with the window [TIFF1897]

Item 21.36.1.2

You can click on photo to get the full sized image.
Chapin Memorial Window:  Honor Thy Father and Mother
Glossary (of terms) and References (as found in square brackets [...])

Status: Removed [SU1961, DUNC1980]
Confidence: High
Memorial name: Chapin Memorial Window
Theme: Honor Thy Father and Mother [TIFF1897, TIFF1910, DUNC1980]
Tiffany 1910: Page 71
Duncan 1980: Page 214
Tiffany 1897: Page 43
Signature: WILL H. LOW 1888 [KIRK1929, PHOTO]
Other documentation: [SDR1888, SSR1888, SDR1889C, NYTR1889, NYDG1889]
Record type: Window
Designer: Will H. Low [SIGNATURE, SDR1888, SSR1888, SDR1889C, NYTR1889, NYDG1889, ARCH1889, KIRK1929]
Memorial details: Chester William Chapin (16 Dec 1798 - 10 Jun 1883) and Dorcas Chapin Chapin (11 Apr 1801 - 14 Nov 1886) [INSCRIPTION, SDR1889C, SDR1889D, NYTR1889, NYDG1889, FINDAGRAVE]
Donor: their son, Chester W. Chapin [INSCRIPTION, SDR1889D, NYTR1889, ARCH1889]
Date: Exhibited Mar 1889 [NYTR1889, NYDG1889]
Installed 22 Mar 1889 [SDR1889C]
Accepted 24 Mar 1889 [SDR1889D]
Size:
Lancets: 1 [PHOTO]
Inscription: IN MEMORY OF CHESTER W CHAPIN / AND OF HIS WIFE DORCAS CHAPIN / THE GIFT OF THEIR SON CHESTER W CHAPIN MDCCCLXXXIII [KIRK1929, PHOTO]
Category: Family

Item 21.36.1.3

You can click on photo to get the full sized image.
Smith Memorial Window:  Faith, Hope and Charity
Glossary (of terms) and References (as found in square brackets [...])

Status: Removed [SU1961, DUNC1980]
Confidence: High
Memorial name: Smith Memorial Window (Wesson Memorial Window)
Theme: Faith, Hope and Charity [TIFF1897, TIFF1910, DUNC1980]
Tiffany 1910: Page 71
Duncan 1980: Page 214
Tiffany 1897: Page 43
Signature: Tiffany, N.Y. [KIRK1929]
Other documentation: [SDR1888, SDR1889A, POP1889]
Record type: Window
Designer: Edward Peck Sperry [POP1889]
Memorial details: Henry Smith (20 Nov 1803 - 4 Oct 1872) and Mehetable Smith (5 Oct 1809 - 4 Apr 1880) [SDR1889A, UNIT1888, KIRK1929]
Donor: his sister-in-law, Mrs. Hannah B. Burt and her daughter, Mrs. Walter H. Wesson [SDR1888, SDR1889A, UNIT1888]
Date: Installed 13 Feb 1889 [SDR1889A]
Size:
Lancets: 1 [PHOTO]
Inscription: In memory of / HENRY SMITH / Born November 20, 1803 Died October 4, 1872 // MEHETABLE SMITH / Born October 5, 1809 Died April 4, 1880 [KIRK1929]
Category: Faith; Hope; Charity
Tiffany/Duncan comment: Tiffany 1910 calls this the Wesson Memorial Window, so likely Mrs. Wesson was the person who organised the window with the Tiffany company [TIFF1910, DUNC1980, DEDUCED]

Item 21.36.1.4

You can click on photo to get the full sized image.
Bliss Memorial Window:  Holy Family
Glossary (of terms) and References (as found in square brackets [...])

Status: Removed [SU1961, DUNC1980]
Confidence: High
Memorial name: Bliss Memorial Window
Theme: Holy Family [TIFF1897, TIFF1910, DUNC1980]
Tiffany 1910: Page 71
Duncan 1980: Page 214
Tiffany 1897: Page 43
Signature:
Other documentation: [SDR1889E]
Record type: Window
Designer:
Memorial details: George Bliss (16 Nov 1798 - 19 Apr 1876) and Mary Shep(h)erd Dwight Bliss (24 Feb 1801 - 12 Feb 1870) [INSCRIPTION, UNIT1888, FINDAGRAVE]
Donor: their children [SDR1889E]
their son, Col. George Bliss [INSCRIPTION, UNIT1888]
Date: Accepted 22 Sep 1889 [SDR1889E]
Size:
Lancets: 1 [PHOTO]
Inscription: In Memory of / George Bliss and Mary Sheperd Bliss / by their Children [KIRK1929, PHOTO, SDR1889E]
Category: Holy Family
After design: Painting by Anibale Carracci [SDR1889E, KIRK1929]
Tiffany/Duncan comment: Tiffany 1897 (p. 76) quotes an extract from the 23 Sep 1889 Springfield Daily Republican article [SDR1889E, TIFF1897]

Item 21.36.1.5

You can click on photo to get the full sized image.
Edwards Memorial Window:  Floral Design
Glossary (of terms) and References (as found in square brackets [...])

Status: Removed [SU1961, DUNC1980]
Confidence: High
Memorial name: Edwards Memorial Window (Warner Memorial Window)
Theme: Floral Design [TIFF1897, TIFF1910, DUNC1980]
Witness to the Divine [KIRK1929]
Tiffany 1910: Page 71
Duncan 1980: Page 214
Tiffany 1897: Page 43
Signature:
Other documentation:
Record type: Window
Designer:
Memorial details: Elisha Edwards (28 Jan 1795 - 7 Feb 1840) and Eunice Lombard Edwards (13 Oct 1797 - 15 Dec 1875) [SDR1889B, SDR1890C, KIRK1929]
Donor: their children, Mrs. Charlotte E. Warner, Mrs. William L. Smith, Mrs. O.A. Childs, William Edwards, Mrs. Charles R. Hurd, Mrs. Sophia Orne Johnson and Gen. Oliver Edwards [SDR1889B, KIRK1929]
Date: Accepted 12 Oct 1890 [SDR1890C]
Size:
Lancets: 1 [PHOTO]
Inscription: In memory of / ELISHA EDWARDS and EUNICE LOMBARD EDWARDS / by their children [KIRK1929]
Category: Floral; Landscape
Tiffany/Duncan comment: Tiffany 1910 calls this the Warner Memorial Window, so likely Mrs. Warner was the person who organised the window with the Tiffany company [TIFF1910, DUNC1980, DEDUCED]

Item 21.36.1.6

You can click on photo to get the full sized image.
Harris Memorial Window:  Lo! I stand at the door and knock
Glossary (of terms) and References (as found in square brackets [...])

Status: Removed [SU1961, DUNC1980]
Confidence: High
Memorial name: Harris Memorial Window
Theme: Lo! I stand at the door and knock [TIFF1897, TIFF1910, DUNC1980]
Tiffany 1910: Page 71
Duncan 1980: Page 214
Tiffany 1897: Page 43
Signature:
Other documentation:
Record type: Window
Designer:
Memorial details: Martha A. Bliss Harris (1 Apr 1825 - 22 Jan 1890) [KIRK1929]
Donor: her husband, Frederick Harper Harris [KIRK1929]
Date:
Size:
Lancets: 1 [PHOTO]
Inscription: "Behold I stand at the door and knock." // The gift of Frederick H. Harris / in loving remembrance of his wife, / MARTHA A. HARRIS / January 22, 1890 [KIRK1929]
Category: Christ Knocking at the Door
After design: Painting by Heinrich Hofmann [KIRK1929]

Item 21.36.1.7

You can click on photo to get the full sized image.
Chapin Memorial Window:  The Holy Night
Glossary (of terms) and References (as found in square brackets [...])

Status: Removed [SU1961, DUNC1980]
Confidence: High
Memorial name: Chapin Memorial Window
Theme: The Holy Night [TIFF1897, TIFF1910, DUNC1980]
Tiffany 1910: Page 71
Duncan 1980: Page 214
Tiffany 1897: Page 43
Signature:
Other documentation: [SDR1893]
Record type: Window
Designer:
Memorial details: Mary Collins Bliss Chapin (6 Jun 1817 - 23 Dec 1891) [SDR1893, KIRK1929]
Donor: her husband, Edmund D. Chapin [SDR1893, KIRK1929]
Date: Unveiled 2 Apr 1893 [SDR1893]
Size:
Lancets: 1 [PHOTO]
Inscription: Erected by Edmund D. Chapin / in loving remembrance of his wife / MARY COLLINS BLISS / June 6, 1817 / December 23, 1891 [SDR1893, KIRK1929]
Category: Nativity
After design: Painting by Heinrich Hofmann [KIRK1929]

Item 21.36.1.8

You can click on photo to get the full sized image.
Bowles Memorial Window:  Angel of Light
Glossary (of terms) and References (as found in square brackets [...])

Status: Removed [SU1961, DUNC1980, ORG_NEW]
Confidence: High
Memorial name: Bowles Memorial Window
Theme: Angel of Light [TIFF1897, TIFF1910, DUNC1980]
Tiffany 1910: Page 71
Duncan 1980: Page 214
Tiffany 1897: Page 43
Signature:
Other documentation: [SDR1894, HC1894, NYT1894]
Record type: Window
Designer: Edward Emerson Simmons [SDR1894, HC1894, NYT1894, NYT1895, NYH1895, ARCH1895, KIRK1929]
Memorial details: Samuel Bowles (9 Feb 1826 - 16 Jan 1878) and Mary Dwight Bowles (14 Aug 1827 - 23 Dec 1893) [SDR1894, HC1894, NYT1894, KIRK1929]
Donor: their children [SDR1894, HC1894, NYT1894]
Date: Installed 10 Nov 1894 [SDR1894, HC1894]
Size:
Lancets: 1 [PHOTO]
Inscription: SAMUEL BOWLES / February 9, 1826 January 16, 1878 / MARY DWIGHT BOWLES / August 14, 1827 December 23, 1893 [KIRK1929]
Category: Angel of Light
History: Moved to George Walter Vincent Smith Art Museum, Springfield, MA (SITE:21.36.6) [SSR1961A, SSR1961B, ORG_NEW]
Comment: Springfield Newspaper employees purchased the window from the church in 1961 and donated the window to the George Walter Vincent Smith Art Museum, Springfield, MA (SITE:21.36.6) [SSR1961A, SSR1961B]
Same as item: 21.36.5.2

Item 21.36.1.9

You can click on photo to get the full sized image.
Thompson Memorial Window:  Angel of the Resurrection
Glossary (of terms) and References (as found in square brackets [...])

Status: Removed [SU1961, DUNC1980]
Confidence: High
Memorial name: Thompson Memorial Window
Theme: Angel of the Resurrection [TIFF1897, TIFF1910, DUNC1980]
Tiffany 1910: Page 71
Duncan 1980: Page 214
Tiffany 1897: Page 43
Signature: Tiffany, N.Y. [KIRK1929]
Other documentation: [SDR1890A]
Record type: Window
Designer:
Memorial details: James Madison Thompson (1811 - 30 Mar 1884) [SDR1888, SDR1890A, SDR1890B, UNIT1888, KIRK1929, WEB]
Donor: his wife, Anna Beadle Thompson [SDR1888, SDR1890A, SDR1890B, UNIT1888, WEB]
Date: Installed 8 Aug 1890 [SDR1890A]
Accepted 14 Sep 1890 [SDR1890B]
Size:
Lancets: 1 [PHOTO]
Inscription: I AM THE RESURRECTION AND THE LIFE // To the Glory of God, and in loving remembrance of His servant, / JAMES MADISON THOMPSON / who departed this life, March 30, 1884 [KIRK1929]
Category: Angel of Resurrection

Item 21.36.1.10

You can click on photo to get the full sized image.
Wolcott Memorial Window:  Come Unto Me
Glossary (of terms) and References (as found in square brackets [...])

Status: Removed [SU1961, DUNC1980]
Confidence: High
Memorial name: Wolcott Memorial Window
Theme: Come Unto Me [TIFF1910, DUNC1980]
Tiffany 1910: Page 71
Duncan 1980: Page 214
Tiffany 1897: Not listed
Signature:
Other documentation: [SDR1906A, SDR1906B, SDR1906C]
Record type: Window
Designer:
Memorial details: William Frederick Wolcott (9 Jun 1788 - 20 May 1869), Lois Bryant Wolcott (1 May 1787 - 14 Feb 1843), and their children [INSCRIPTION, SDR1906B, SDR1906C, FINDAGRAVE]
Donor: daughter / sister, Helen Wolcott [INSCRIPTION, SDR1906A, SDR1906B, SDR1906C]
Date: Ordered ca. Apr 1906 [SDR1906A]
Installed Jun 1906 [SDR1906B]
Unveiled 10 Jun 1906 [SDR1906B]
Size:
Lancets: 1 [PHOTO]
Inscription: ERECTED BY HELEN WOLCOTT / IN LOVING MEMORY OF / WILLIAM F WOLCOTT / LOIS BRYANT HIS WIFE AND CHILDREN [KIRK1929, PHOTO, SDR1906C]
Category: Christ

Item 21.36.1.11

Glossary (of terms) and References (as found in square brackets [...])

Status: Unknown
Confidence: Low
Memorial name: Rumrill Memorial Window
Theme: Christ at the House of Mary and Martha [TIFF1910, DUNC1980]
Tiffany 1910: Page 71
Duncan 1980: Page 214
Tiffany 1897: Not listed
Signature:
Other documentation:
Record type: Window
Designer:
Memorial details:
Donor:
Date:
Size:
Lancets: 1 [PHOTO]
Inscription:
Category: Christ at Home of Martha and Mary
Comment: There is no such window listed in Kirkham 1929 [KIRK1929]

Item 21.36.1.12

You can click on photo to get the full sized image.
Frink Memorial Window:  Faith and Sacrifice
Glossary (of terms) and References (as found in square brackets [...])

Status: Removed [SU1961, DUNC1980]
Confidence: High
Memorial name: Frink Memorial Window
Theme: Faith and Sacrifice [KIRK1929]
Tiffany 1910: Not listed
Duncan 1980: Not listed
Tiffany 1897: Not listed
Signature:
Other documentation: [SDR1927A, SDR1927B]
Record type: Window
Designer:
Memorial details: George E. Frink [SDR1927B, KIRK1929]
Donor: his wife [SDR1927B]
Date: Installed ca. Nov 1927 [SDR1927A]
Size:
Lancets: 1 [PHOTO]
Inscription: Faith // Sacrifice [KIRK1929, PHOTO]
Category: Ornamental

Item 21.36.1.13

You can click on photo to get the full sized image.
Gilbert Memorial Window:  He is Risen
Glossary (of terms) and References (as found in square brackets [...])

Status: Removed [SU1961, DUNC1980]
Confidence: High
Memorial name: Gilbert Memorial Window
Theme: He is Risen [KIRK1929]
Tiffany 1910: Not listed
Duncan 1980: Not listed
Tiffany 1897: Not listed
Signature:
Other documentation: [SDR1914A, SDR1914B, SDR1914C, SDR1914D, SU1914A, SU1914B, SDN1914A, SDN1914B, SWR1914]
Record type: Window
Designer:
Memorial details: George Stebbins Gilbert (1842 - 16 Apr 1893) and Ella Parkhurst Gilbert (28 Nov 1848 - 22 Sep 1899) [INSCRIPTION, SDR1914D, SU1914B, SDN1914B, SDN1914C, SWR1914, REGIS1929, KIRK1929, FINDAGRAVE]
Donor: their sons, William E. Gilbert, Charles C. Gilbert and Harry S. Gilbert [INSCRIPTION, SDR1914D, SU1914B, SDN1914B, SDN1914C, SWR1914, REGIS1929, KIRK1929]
Date: Installed Apr 1914 [SDR1914C, SDN1914A]
Dedicated Easter Sunday, 12 Apr 1914 [SDR1914C, SDR1914D, SU1914B, SDN1914A, SDN1914B, SDN1914C, SWR1914]
Re-dedicated Easter Sunday, 31 Mar 1929 [KIRK1929]
Size:
Inscription: This Window erected / In Loving / Memory of // George Stebbins Gilbert / and his wife / Ella Parkhurst Gilbert / By their sons // William E. Gilbert / Charles C. Gilbert / Harry S. Gilbert [KIRK1929, PHOTO, SDN1914B, SWR1914]
Category: Resurrection without Christ; Rose Window
History: Originally located in St. Paul's Universalist Church, Springfield, MA (SITE:21.36.9) [SDR1928A, SDR1928B, REGIS1929, KIRK1929]
Moved to Church of the Unity when the congregations merged in 1928 [SDR1928A, SDR1928B, REGIS1929, KIRK1929]
Comment: The window was converted from a rectangular shape with five lancets to a rose window when it was installed in Church of the Unity [SDR1914D, SU1914B, SDN1914B, SWR1914, SDR1928A, SDR1928B, REGIS1929, KIRK1929]
Same as item: 21.36.9.1

References

ARCH1889: Catalogue of the Fifth Annual Exhibition of the Architectural League of New York (1889, p. 59)
ARCH1895: Catalogue of the Tenth Annual Exhibition of the Architectural League of New York (1895, p. liv, 33)
CHU1888: The Churchman (28 Jul 1888, p. 122)
DEDUCED: Deduced from other information
DUNC1980: Tiffany Windows, Alastair Duncan (1980)
FINDAGRAVE: Findagrave.com, for deducing biographical or genealogical information
HC1894: Hartford Courant (13 Nov 1894, p. 6)
HHR1982: H. H. Richardson: Complete Architectural Works, Jeffrey Karl Ochsner (1982, p. 24)
INSCRIPTION: Inscription on item
KIRK1929: Church of the Unity, Guy Kirkham (1929)
NYDG1888: New York Daily Graphic (14 Jun 1888, p. 792)
NYDG1889: New York Daily Graphic (13 Mar 1889, p. 6)
NYH1895: New York Herald (14 Feb 1895, p. 6)
NYT1888: New York Times (7 Jun 1888)
NYT1894: New York Times (25 Nov 1894)
NYT1895: New York Times (17 Feb 1895)
NYTR1889: New York Daily Tribune (12 Mar 1889, p. 10)
ORG_NEW: Organization that is new owner
PHOTO: Photo of item
POP1889: Popular Science Monthly, Glass Making, C. Hanford Henderson (May 1889, Vol. 35)
REGIS1929: The Christian Register (11 Apr 1929, p. 315)
SDN1914A: The Springfield Daily News (8 Apr 1914, p. 11)
SDN1914B: The Springfield Daily News (11 Apr 1914, p. 5)
SDN1914C: The Springfield Daily News (13 Apr 1914, p. 4)
SDR1888: The Springfield Daily Republican (9 Jun 1888, p. 6)
SDR1889A: The Springfield Daily Republican (14 Feb 1889, p. 6)
SDR1889B: The Springfield Daily Republican (23 Feb 1889, p. 6)
SDR1889C: The Springfield Daily Republican (23 Mar 1889, p. 6)
SDR1889D: The Springfield Daily Republican (25 Mar 1889, p. 3)
SDR1889E: The Springfield Daily Republican (23 Sep 1889, p. 8)
SDR1890A: The Springfield Daily Republican (9 Aug 1890, p. 6)
SDR1890B: The Springfield Daily Republican (15 Sep 1890, p. 6)
SDR1890C: The Springfield Daily Republican (13 Oct 1890, p. 8)
SDR1893: The Springfield Daily Republican (3 Apr 1893, p. 5)
SDR1894: The Springfield Daily Republican (12 Nov 1894, p. 4)
SDR1902A: The Springfield Daily Republican (26 Aug 1902, p. 8)
SDR1902B: The Springfield Daily Republican (27 Oct 1902, p. 4)
SDR1906A: The Springfield Daily Republican (8 Apr 1906, p. 8)
SDR1906B: The Springfield Daily Republican (9 Jun 1906, p. 10)
SDR1906C: The Springfield Daily Republican (11 Jun 1906, p. 8)
SDR1914A: The Springfield Daily Republican (13 Jan 1914, p. 4)
SDR1914B: The Springfield Daily Republican (9 Mar 1914, p. 3)
SDR1914C: The Springfield Daily Republican (8 Apr 1914, p. 16)
SDR1914D: The Springfield Daily Republican (13 Apr 1914, p. 4)
SDR1927A: The Springfield Daily Republican (1 Dec 1927, p. 8)
SDR1927B: The Springfield Daily Republican (7 Dec 1927, p. 2)
SDR1928A: The Springfield Daily Republican (30 Aug 1928, p. 8)
SDR1928B: The Springfield Daily Republican (19 Oct 1928, p. 7)
SIGNATURE: Signature on item
SSR1888: The Springfield Sunday Republican (9 Sep 1888, p. 5)
SSR1961A: The Springfield Sunday Republican (28 May 1961, p. 1, 24)
SSR1961B: The Springfield Sunday Republican (18 Jun 1961, p. 21)
SU1914A: The Springfield Union (13 Jan 1914, p. 5)
SU1914B: The Springfield Union (13 Apr 1914, p. 4)
SU1961: The Springfield Union (3 Mar 1961, p. 30)
SWR1914: The Springfield Weekly Republican (16 Apr 1914, p. 14)
TIFF1886: Announcement in American Architect and Building News, Tiffany Glass Company (6 Feb 1886)
TIFF1893: Chicago Exposition booklet, Tiffany Glass & Decorating Company (1893)
TIFF1897: A List of Windows: And Extracts from Letters & Newspapers, Tiffany Glass & Decorating Company (1897)
TIFF1910: A Partial List of Tiffany Windows, Tiffany Studios (1910)
UNIT1888: The Unitarian (Aug 1888, p. 367)
WEB: Some general webpage, e.g. for deducing biographical or genealogical information

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